“You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.”
The Apostle's Creed
I believe in God, the Father almighty,
creator of heaven and earth.
I believe in Jesus Christ, his only son, our Lord.
He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit
and born of the Virgin Mary.
He suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, died, and was buried.
He descended to the dead.
On the third day he rose again.
He ascended into heaven,
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit,
the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and the life everlasting. Amen.
My father was a faithful Catholic, and my mother was a faithful Southern Baptist. They married before Vatican II, an act which I now realize took great courage and commitment. Though I was raised as a Protestant, God blessed me with the best of both spiritual worlds.
My mother taught me to love the Lord with my heart and soul. The Baptists introduced me to Jesus, my savior. I was baptized when I was 12 years old, after making a profession of faith during Vacation Bible School. I learned the Bible, and dozens of hymns. My mother was a model for evangelism and prayer.
My father taught me to love the Lord with my mind, showing me the place of truth, beauty and goodness in Christian life. Among the Catholics, I felt able to be closer to God the Father. My father introduced me the treasures of Roman Catholicism: the importance of the church, liturgy, and Christian history; the life of the mind, and the value of the arts. His church did not require me to “check my brain at the door,” so I ended up transferring from a Baptist college to Catholic schools for the rest of my education. There, I was encouraged to submit my “Intelligence in the Service of Christ the King,” as Etienne Gilson wrote in his 1939 essay of the same name. (See below. *) I also learned about Christians who had loved the Lord with all their strength, even to the point of martyrdom. Encyclicals like Rerum Novarum, Evangelium Vitae and Fides et Ratio have been important guides for my spiritual formation, and inspirations for my teaching career and volunteer work with One Hope, Food for Lane County and the Egan Warming Center.
I married a man who was called to be a pastor in the Evangelical Covenant Church. Here we finally found our spiritual home: a place where all three Persons of the Trinity were equally recognized and worshipped. The Holy Spirit has been my comforter, especially during my mother’s descent into Alzheimer’s disease. He has strengthened me for nearly 30 years of ministry.
It is difficult to fully compress one’s faith into such a brief testimony, which is why, when asked, I find the Apostle’s Creed such a helpful means of expressing it concisely. As a Christian, I have been able to participate in the life of the Triune God, and of His people. And as a Christian, my faith is the hope that this loving communion will not end upon my death, but continue, eternally.
Monday, November 22, 2010
He points out that the "world" won't let you leave it or renounce it, because it wants your homage, especially the homage of your mind. Because intelligence is highest, the world longs to arrogate its homage and subject it to itself alone. Thus Gilson asserts “to deny it homage is first duty of Christian.” Christ is King.
As Gilson put it, “the intelligence is good, but it is only so if, by it and in it, the whole nature turns toward its end, which is to conform itself to God.” But, he continued, “by taking itself as its own end, the intelligence has turned away from God, turning nature with it, and grace alone can aid both of them in returning to what is really their end, since it is their origin. The ‘world’ is just this refusal to participate in grace which separates nature from God, and the intelligence itself is of the world insofar as it joins with it in rejecting grace.”
The Catholic philosopher affirms nature and loves the intelligence -- but he says that we must distinguish two approaches to knowledge: we can develop the mind in order to turn its toward visible and transient things, to explain and master them (Descartes) or we can develop the mind in order to turn toward things invisible and eternal (Augustine).
The Catholic must be committed to excellence in science and fields of intellectual pursuit, for piety does not dispense with technique. “No one, nor anything,” Gilson observed, “obliges the Christian to busy himself with science, art, or philosophy, for other ways of serving God are not wanting; but if that is the way of serving God that he has chosen, the end itself, which he proposes for himself in studying them, binds him to excellence….That is the only way of becoming a good servant.”
So what then distinguishes the Catholic philosophy? He mentioned the orientation towards the eternal and higher truths. This turn is stabilized and made good through a knowledge of theology. Theology he calls the "technique of faith" and by it we can "link together the science they have acquired with the faith they have preserved." So it is impossible to be a Christian savant, philosopher of artist without having studied theology. Theology can no longer be the "privilege of some specialists devoted to its study by the religious state" (Gilson wrote this in 1939). "It is necessary that those who wish to work as Christians in the great work of science, philosophy or art, themselves know how to hear His voice, and not only be instructed in His principles, but also and above all be imbued in them." They can then direct science, art, philosophy towards God.
To restore in their fullness the theological values, to do so in such a way that they descend into the thought of the savant who calculates or who experiments, into the reason of the philosopher who meditates, into the inspiration of the artist who creates, is truly to place the intelligence in service of Christ the King, since it is to promote the coming of His reign, by aiding nature to be born again under the fruitful action of his grace and in light of His truth.
Gilson has nothing but scorn for the Catholics who would seek to hide their faith in order to get on in the world of the mind. "One of the gravest evils from which Catholicism suffers today is that Catholics are no longer proud enough of their faith." We need to listen to the Word and to refer to it "publicly when necessary." He counsels that "it does not depend upon us that it be believed, but we can do very much towards making it respected; and if it happens that those among us who are not ashamed of the Gospel fail to get others to follow them, those who are ashamed of it can be sure not even to get others to respect them."